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Contagious diseases: 2013 was the worst year Contagious diseases: 2013 was the worst year

Jan-07-2014 | 0 Comments

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THIRUVANANTHAPURAM: Though the state boasts of high health standards, statistics revealed by the health department indicates severe threat from several communicable diseases.

The data from 2006 to 2013 show that the state has been witnessing a rapid increase in the prevalence of communicable diseases, with 2013 being the worst year. Diarrhoea, dengue, hepatitis A, typhoid and leptospirosis are the diseases that pose a major threat to the state, says the health department report.

Diarrhoea has become the worst fear and experts cite scarcity of pure drinking water and unhygienic conditions in households as the main reason.

In 2013 alone, 409,512 diarrhoea cases were reported in the state. The districts that were worst hit were Mallappuram (85,984), Palakkad (49,066), Thrissur (47,336) and Ernakulam (28,054).

Another fear is of dengue fever. Kerala earned the dubious distinction as the dengue capital of the country in 2013. With 7,911 cases and 25 deaths, Kerala recorded the maximum number of dengue cases last year.

Thiruvananthapuram was worst hit with 4,188 cases followed by Malappuram (520), Kollam (490), Pathanamthitta (485) and Kottayam (410).

A total of 6,440 hepatitis cases and 28 deaths caused by it were reported last year.

Contaminated water is the main cause of hepatitis A. The community medicine department of Thiruvananthapuram medical college hospital had cautioned against consuming soda, ice cubes, ice sticks and welcome drinks served in marriages.

Of the cases, 5,329 were hepatitis A and 1,111 were hepatitis B. More number of hepatitis A cases were reported from Kollam (1,885) followed by Kozhikode (1,801) and Wayanad (785).

Last year, 2,975 cases of typhoid were reported from the state. Of this, only one death was reported. Most cases were reported from Thiruvananthapuram (898) followed by Malappuram (536), Palakkad (531) and Wayanad (428). Similarly, leptospirosis cases were reported in the state. Of the 796 cases, 26 deaths occurred.

Thiruvananthapuram recorded the maximum number of cases with 310 followed by Ernakulam (161) and Alappuzha with 71 cases.

Other communicable diseases reported in the state last year were malaria (1,137) with two deaths, chikungunya (249), cholera (20), scrub typhus (66) and hand foot mouth disease (243). In one year, 29,10,018 cases of fever were reported in different hospitals across the state.

From 2006 to 2013, if chikungunya and leptospirosis cases did not show a very steep increase, dengue and diarrhoea were a cause for concern. Dengue cases reported in 2006 were just 1,019 where as it was 7,911 in 2013. Similarly, diarrhoea cases were 300,486 in 2006, it increased to 409,512 in 2013.

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